Arduino based EVSE/Charging point PCB
UPDATE: IMPORTANT! If you decide to take on this project, it's strongly recommended to update bootloader on your Pro Mini board. Pro Mini boards have a bug in bootloader code and can't handle WDT (watch dog timer) resets correctly. Solution is very simple. Please use UNO bootloader, which works perfectly fine with Pro Mini boards and has no such bug. Once you update your Pro Mini with UNO bootloader, you must always chose UNO board in Arduino IDE or Xloader settings when uploading the code. This is a link to video with all instructions, to those who don't know how to do this: https://youtu.be/JH6zq_3Et-I. And here you can find WDT test code. If you've already built this project, please do the bootloader update and download the latest DIY EVSE firmware.
FOR TESLA MODEL 3 OWNERS! It was reported that MODEL 3 vehicles trow a fault code with my DIY EVSE. Please use 680 Ohm resistor for R1 instead of 1 KOhm. This fixes the issue.
If you want custom made PCB that suits DIY Arduino EVSE project please contact us or visit our store page as we got some PCBs made.
Although this PCB and our firmware can be used to assemble fully functional charging controller, it is not designed to be used as final product. It was designed to be used for developing purposes only! So if you decide to use it as a final product to charge your vehicle, all responsibilities and liability goes only on you. You must take all necessary certification procedures by yourself before using it as final product! We will not take any liability for damage or injury caused while using our products. As we clearly state that this project is only for developing purposes and comes as a sample.
These are example pictures of PCB and assembled PCB for a single phase DIY EVSE:
We designed it so there is absolute minimum of electronic components involved in soldering this board. First version of this PCB still requires external power supply, such as Mean Well PT-45B. We made it so, because complete power supply cost less than to built it from separate components. Also PT-45B comes with various integrated protections. Which would be hard to implement in DIY power supply.
This PCB can be used to build single phase or three phase charging point controller. It is made to be used with Pro Mini 5V 16MHz controller board. It can monitor and display real charging current and energy consumed if used with YHDC SCT-013 050 (50A/1V) current transformer/sensor (three sensors for three phase version). Don't expect consumed energy to be 100% accurate as there is no voltage detection circuit integrated in this project (to keep it as simple as possible). Both, single phase and three phase versions, will have adjustable maximum charging current, diode fault detection, charging state and charging time display, possibility to stop charging by pressing button on charging point (soft stop for vehicles with Type 2 connector). PCB also can be used on non tethered charging points (non tethered means charging point with a socket), as it has proximity detection circuit integrated. It also has simple serial communication implement, so it can be used to control and monitor EVSE, if used with WiFi module (Lolin v3). PCBs are lead-free. All above functions only available if you choose to use one of my 12 different firmwares, which will be provided in non editable format. So no further modifications can be done by customer.
For developers, now every DIY EVSE PCB purchase includes basic firmware in compiler form, which I will send to you by email. This is a bare minimum of code needed to correctly detect and control the charging and to be used with my board. Basically that's OpenEVSE code minimized to complete minimum leaving just most important bits and made to suit Arduino Pro Mini board. To be able to understand this code you need to be familiar with C++ programming language and to be familiar with Arduino programming. What exactly this code does and what limitations it has, you can see in one of the videos bellow.
More advanced firmware files (non editable) for Pro Mini can be found here (password protected, only for those who bought PCB). If needed, it will be compiled individually by customer needs and provided in HEX format. So no further development is possible by user. It will still have "EV-OLUTION.NET" displayed on LCD.
Make sure you use only Xloader version 1.00 for uploading a firmware to Pro Mini. Newer versions requires special adapter and will not work with your USB to TTL adapter. If you having difficulties finding Xloader v1.00 please contact me.
My own advanced firmware will not be shared as open source yet. There are few reasons why my code is not made as open source. First of all there are loads of similar projects with open source codes and if you really can develop a code, you probably can easily write such a simple code from scratch in no time. If you can't do it from scratch, that means you can't play with existing code, as this project involves high voltage circuit and mistakes can be fatal.
Second, bare minimum code provided for developing purposes is more than enough for developers who can improve that code easily. And more advanced version of firmware is only for people who got no skills or time to play with programming side, but likes to build things on their own.
And the last, there are plenty of people who try to use other people work and time for an easy profit without even contributing to source.
Press on the files below to download the assembly instruction manual and to view a diagram:
Size : 4088.738 Kb
Type : pdf
DIY EVSE Schematic.png
Size : 227.845 Kb
Type : png
Below you will see a video with examples of how every advanced DIY EVSE firmware will look like:
Below you will see a video with example of how developer (editable) DIY EVSE firmware will work and look like:
Video of how to access current sensor calibration screen:
Below you will see a video with explanation how to setup your DIY EVSE to be used with WiFi board (Lolin v3). Editable firmware files for Wifi board > can be found here <:
If you can't see videos that means you haven't accepted cookies on my website. Please clear your browsers cache and reload my website again. Just this time press accept on the cookie popup window.
Mistake was done while designing V1.0 PCB, so ONLY these relays listed below MUST be used. These are 4 pin relays and they will not be affected by mistake in PCB design. DO NOT USE relays with 5 pins!
R40N-3021-85-1012 made by RELPOL
HAT901ASDC12-1 made by HASCO RELAYS
NT90RNAS12CB (sealed), NT90RNAE12CB (covered)
NT90RHAS12CB, NT90RHAE12CB (40A only approved by TUV and UL! CQC approved only 30A)
AZ2150-1A-12DE made by ZETTLER
AZ2150-1A-12DEF made by ZETTLER
2027395-5 / T9VV1K15-12S made by TE Connectivity (TE)’s Potter & Brumfield (This relay will require PCB drilling as main pins are bigger than PCB trough holes)
R30N-3021-85-1012 made by RELPOL
HF105F-1/012DT-1HSTF made by HONGFA RELAY
L90AS-12W made by RAYEX ELECTRONICS
1-1393210-3 / T9AS1D12-12 made by TE Connectivity (TE)’s Potter & Brumfield
T90S1D42-12 made by TE Connectivity (TE)’s Potter & Brumfield
T90N1D42-12 made by TE Connectivity (TE)’s … (open frame, not recommended)
AZ2150-1A-12DE made by ZETTLER
AZ2150-1A-12DEF made by ZETTLER
AZ2150W-1AE-12DEF made by ZETTLER
AZ2150W-1AE-12DEFT made by ZETTLER
SLA-S-112DM made by SANYOU
SLA-S-112DM-F made by SANYOU (lead Free)
SHA-T90 SHA-12VDC-S-A made by SHA (be aware that 4 and 5 pin relays are sold with same code!)
CMP7-S-DC12V-AR made by HKE
Please note that anything above 20A will need passive and active cooling for such small relays. I will add more information later about how this could be done. But we strongly advise you not to use relays for anything above 20A. Instead please use correctly rated 4 pole contactor.
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